|Value of Wetlands
In every country and climatic zone, from the polar regions to the tropics, wetlands provide the basis for human survival and development. Wetlands include inland rivers, lakes and peatswamps, coastal lagoons, estuaries and reefs and human-made wetlands such as rice-fields. People and wetlands are interdependent: wetlands provide food and water, control floods, stabilization shorelines, mitigate climate change and are home to a wide range of biodiversity.
Despite their overwhelming values, wetlands are the most highly threatened ecosystems on the planet. Demand for their services is likely to intensify as human populations increase and development accelerates.